Judgment - (Webster's 1828 Dictionary)
JUDG'MENT, n. The act of judging; the act or process of the mind in comparing its ideas, to find their agreement or disagreement, and to ascertain truth; or the process of examining facts and arguments, to ascertain propriety and justice; or the process of examining the relations between one proposition and another.
1. The faculty of the mind by which man is enabled to compare ideas and ascertain the relations of terms and propositions; as a man of clear judgment or sound judgment. The judgment may be biased by prejudice. Judgment supplies the want of certain knowledge.
2. The determination of the mind, formed from comparing the relations of ideas, or the comparison of facts and arguments. In the formation of our judgments, we should be careful to weigh and compare all the facts connected with the subject.
3. In law, the sentence of doom pronounced in any cause, civil or criminal, by the judge or court by which it is tried. Judgment may be rendered on demurrer, on a verdict, on a confession or default, or on a non-suit. Judgment, though pronounced by the judge or court, is properly the determination or sentence of the law. A pardon may be pleaded in arrest of judgment.
4. The right or power of passing sentence.
5. Determination; decision.
Let reason govern us in the formation of our judgment of things proposed to our inquiry.
6. Opinion; notion.
She, in my judgment, was as fair as you.
7. In Scripture, the spirit of wisdom and prudence, enabling a person to discern right and wrong, good and evil.
Give the king thy judgments, O God. Psa 72.
8. A remarkable punishment; an extraordinary calamity inflicted by God on sinners.
Judgments are prepared for scorners. Prov 19. Isa 26.
9. The spiritual government of the world.
The Father hath committed all judgment to the Son.
10. The righteous statutes and commandments of God are called his judgments. Psa 119.
11. The doctrines of the gospel, or God's word. Mat 12.
12. Justice and equity. Luke 11. Isa 1.
13. The decrees and purposes of God concerning nations.
14. A court or tribunal. Mat 5.
15. Controversies, or decisions of controversies. 1 Cor 6.
16. The gospel, or kingdom of grace. Mat 12.
17. The final trial of the human race,when God will decide the fate of every individual, and award sentence according to justice.
For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil. Eccl 12.
Judgment of God. Formerly this term was applied to extraordinary trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by ordeal, or hot plowshares, _c.; it being imagined that God would work miracles to vindicate innocence.